I have been to several South American and Caribbean countries looking for birds and find the cultures and ecosystems within them all fascinating. More than one third of the world’s bird species are found in South America, 1500 in the Amazon basin alone.
Here is a link to a list of the bird species recorded in South America. South America is the “Bird Continent”: It boasts 3402 species, more than any other. (Much larger Eurasia is second with 3232.) Colombia’s list alone numbers almost 1850 confirmed species, and Brazil’s more than 1800. Of the continent’s species, 2456 are endemic, significantly more than Eurasia’s 2018. Nine entire families, containing 21 species, are endemic to the continent.
Of the 2456 endemic species, 234 are found only in Brazil and 316 are only in one of 12 other countries and territories. Thirteen of the 3394 total species have been introduced to South America. In addition, 76 of the species are vagrants to the continent, with only a few records, and some have made only a single appearance. Twenty-six species have been recorded in all 18 countries and territories addressed here.
The list includes birds confirmed in mainland South America, islands within 1200 km of its Atlantic and Pacific coasts, and the Caribbean countries and territories of Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, and Trinidad and Tobago. Major offshore entities include the Falkland Islands (Islas las Malvinas), the Galápagos Islands, and the Juan Fernandez Islands. Waters within 200 nautical miles of these lands are also included.
The American Ornithological Society has also published A Classification of the Bird Species of South America.
Birding Guide in Argentina
Sergio Corbet is an Agronomy Engineer and a Biological Sciences College Professor who has traveled all over Argentina and most bordering countries. Over 35 years of watching and studying nature gave Sergio the knowledge to find the best hot spots and places where to go for successful Birding. Sergio is a Birding and Nature Guide not only for individuals or groups but also for a couple of local tour organizations. He is an active early member of Birdingpal as well as a Proact Team member and its Regional Coordinator for South America. He also is a South American Birding Correspondent to Surfbirds. He speaks English, Spanish, Russian and French. Sergio is ready to show and help you to enjoy the best Birding in his area. Before undertaking a trip please contact him so as to make arrangements, fix dates and select places to visit so as to have a memorable Birding Trip. The ornithologist at ornithology.com has gone birding with Sergio and found it to be a wonderful experience.