An excellent area to see birds, Central America is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with South America on the southeast. Central America is bordered by Mexico to the north,Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama with a combined population of about 43 million.
The Central American land mass has an area of 523,780 square kilometers (202,230 sq mi),or almost 0.1% of the Earth’s surface. It is part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspot, which extends from northern Guatemala through central Panama. Due to the presence of several active geologic faults and the Central America Volcanic Arc, there is a great deal of seismic activity in the region.Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur frequently; these natural disasters have resulted in the loss of many lives and much property.
Almost half of the bird population of the Talamancan montane forests in Costa Rica and Panama are endemic to this region. Several birds are listed as threatened, most notably the resplendent quetzal (Pharomacrus mocinno), three-wattled bellbird (Procnias tricarunculata), bare-necked umbrellabird (Cephalopterus glabricollis), and black guan (Chamaepetes unicolor).
Many birds of Central America are winter visitors from the north but many are residents as well.
Birds of Belize
Birds of Central America-Wikipedia
Birds of Honduras
Birdwatching in Panama
Costa Rica 2
El SalvadorGuatemala Checklist